Civil Engineering for Building Your World!
A civil engineer is a person who applies scientific and mathematical principles to build, design, and maintain infrastructures such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, and buildings. The infrastructure that these people create affects everyone’s daily life as well as the world as a whole.
Civil engineers also plan, design, and manage construction projects from beginning to end while considering the public, structural and environmental effects of their work. As a result, many civil engineers choose to specialize in a particular field or area of civil engineering (i.e., geotechnical engineering).
Self-Assessment Quiz: Should I choose to study Civil Engineering?
Answering the following questions can help you determine whether studying civil engineering is right for you:
- Do you enjoy studying math, science, and engineering in high school?
- Do you enjoy the outdoors or are you willing to work in a lab environment?
- Are you interested in working on your own ideas or do well with guidance?
- Can you describe yourself as a persistent, patient, detail-oriented, analytical-thinking person?
- Do good grades or test scores come easy to you?
- Do you like working with numbers and solving problems?
- Do you wonder how a building or a structure was built?
- Do you like to build or create things?
- Do you enjoy working with your hands and physically building something?
If you answered “yes” to most of the questions above, studying civil engineering might be right for you.
Job Prospects for Civil Engineers in India and Abroad
Civil Engineers are always in demand. As a result, they typically enjoy very high rates of pay and benefits. The demand for construction materials, transportation systems, and water treatment facilities creates immense opportunities for civil engineers.
In India, the expanding population is creating extraordinary infrastructure needs in roads, dams, and irrigation systems. For example:
- The government has proposed to build 10 express highways across India’s most populous states.
- The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation announced the construction of nine new subway lines in 2016.
- Hyderabad announced plans to build 100 footbridges in Hyderabad by 2020.
- Currently, there is only one airport for every 6 million people in India. This number seems low considering that Mumbai alone has 945 airplanes take off and land every day.
China is also experiencing rapid infrastructure growth. The ambitious One Belt, One Road initiative is expected to create $1 trillion in Chinese infrastructure spending across Asia, Europe, and Africa. If budgets are approved for this project it could result in huge numbers of jobs for engineers specializing in civil engineering!
Civil Engineers are often recruited by the US State Department because they are needed to design and supervise the construction of embassies, consulates, defense installations, and other government facilities. They are also needed for road projects around the world.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is an example of a group that recruits civil engineers all over the world who specialize in designing water treatment plants, increasing irrigation efficiency, building roads, and planting trees.
In the US, civil engineers design skyscrapers, highways, bridges, and airports. They also work on large construction projects such as water treatment facilities and new power plants. In addition to all of the above, they are needed to monitor existing infrastructure including repairing aging dams and rehabilitating levees.
As you can see, there are many types of civil engineers with different focuses who are needed to tackle some of the world’s biggest problems.
Civil Engineering Specializations
A Civil Engineer may choose to become an expert in different fields. If you have a B. Tech degree in Civil Engineering, you may choose to specialize in the following fields at the Master’s level:
- Construction Engineering and Management (CEM): This specialization prepares you to manage construction projects chosen by the client such as dams, highways, and skyscrapers.
- Environmental Engineering: You would plan and implement strategies that improve the quality of our environment while not costing too much money or using scarce natural resources. You may choose to specialize in water management, environmental assessment, risk assessment, and emergency response.
- Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering: You would help in the design and construction of dams, tunnels, and pavements while staying within budget requirements. You might also specialize in landslides and groundwater management.
- Structural Engineering: When a plan is made to construct a skyscraper or large building it requires the assistance of a structural engineer. You would plan and design the most efficient structure using math and science principles.
- Transportation Engineering: This specialization involves planning and implementing an integrated system of roads, railways, and airports that meet travel needs while staying within budget requirements.
- Water Resources and Hydrology: This specialization requires knowledge of meteorology, hydraulics, and management to manage resources such as drinking water and irrigation.
- Highway Engineering (HE): An HE engineer would work with traffic engineers, urban planners, and implementers to plan roadways that allow for fast, efficient travel.
How to become a Civil Engineer in India?
o become a civil engineer, you first need to take admission in an undergraduate engineering degree program in Civil Engineering. After you graduate with a degree in Civil Engineering, you may decide to specialize in one of the above specializations.
To qualify for admission in an undergraduate civil engineering program in India, you need to complete 10+2 (intermediate) level schooling with Mathematics and Physics as major subjects. You also need to clear JEE Main and/or JEE Advanced entrance examination with a good score.
Some of the best Indian engineering colleges for Civil Engineering are:
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Powai
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi
- Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
- Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
- Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
- National Institute of Technology (NIT) Rourkela
- Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Matunga
- Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad
- Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai
- Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya (BVM), Mesra
Colleges with the highest number of unreserved seats in Engineering are:
- University College of Engineering, Osmania University
- Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research (VF-STEM), Guntur in Andhra Pradesh
- B.S. Abdur Rahman Institute of Science and Technology (A) in Chennai
- Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Matunga
- Gogte Institute of Technology (GIT), Belgaum
- JNTU College of Engineering, Hyderabad
- Dr. D Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
- Visveswaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), Nagpur in Maharashtra
- Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT), Manipal
If you want to be a part of the world’s best Civil Engineering courses, you should study in the following countries:
Staying in one of these countries might be expensive, but it will definitely help you get the job that you want. You must remember that there are other options too. You can study abroad even if it is not for an undergraduate program. Many short-term courses offer quick specializations and lead to a high-paying job.
The cheapest countries to study Civil Engineering are:
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