LLB Entrance exam-The rising popularity of the legal profession has increased the demand for LLB and LLM courses. Students are required to clear national or state-level LLB entrance exams in order to get admission in graduate law courses. Several universities and colleges also conduct their own entrance test.
LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law) is a three-year course which may also be offered as B.Sc LLB, BBA LLB, or BA LLB in some of the law institutes. Similar entrance exams are held for admission to LLM (Master of Law), which is a two-year postgraduate course.
Major LLB Entrance Exam in India
CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is the most popular national-level law entrance exam, followed by AILET, LSAT, and similar other tests organized for different institutes. While CLAT is meant for both UG and PG admissions at 22 NLUs (National Law Universities) of India, AILET is specifically intended for five-year integrated LLB, one-year LLM, and doctorate programmes extended by NLU Delhi.
Likewise, state-level tests such as AP LAWCET, MH CET LAW, TS LAWCET, etc. provide a gateway to admission in the colleges of particular states. Further, institutes like Delhi University, Panjab University, BHU, AMU, and some others hold their own law entrance tests.
The application for law entrance tests is to be submitted online on the respective university websites. Some of the conducting bodies also give application correction windows, in case the candidate wants to make changes to his/her application. In addition, the answer key of LLB and LLM entrance exams are also released before the announcement of results.
Eligibility Criteria for LLB Entrance Exams
Students need to fulfil certain eligibility conditions before taking LLM/LLB entrance exams. Listed below is the essential eligibility criteria for UG and PG level law entrance tests:
· The candidate should have Indian nationality to appear for law entrance exams in India.
Now students can apply for the integrated LLB entrance test right after 12 standards.
For admission to three or five-year LLB courses, the candidate must have passed graduation, with at least 45% marks (General category) or 40% marks (Reserved categories). However, the percentage criteria may differ for state level LLB entrance exams, depending upon whether the candidate belongs to the same state or not.
For admission to PG level law courses like LLM, the candidate needs to have completed LLB, or equivalent, with minimum 50% marks (General category) or 45% marks (Reserved categories). The percentage cut off may slightly vary for a few colleges.
Usually, there is no condition of age limit for attempting law entrance exams, but some colleges may place a minimum age criterion for admissions.
Law Entrance Exam Pattern
Law entrance exams are mostly objective in nature, except a few PG level tests that may feature subjective-type questions. These exams mainly consist of the following sections: Legal Awareness, Logical/Analytical Reasoning, English Language & Comprehension, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, and Mathematics/Quantitative Techniques.
The weightage of each section depends upon the specific entrance exam. LLB and LLM entrance exams generally follow the given pattern:
Total Number of Questions
150 to 200 MCQs
Number of Sections
2 to 5
Marks for Correct Answers
1 to 4
0 to 1
1.5 to 3 hours
LLB Entrance Exam Syllabus
While there is no fixed syllabus for law entrance tests, the candidates are expected to prepare the following topics for each of the sections of LLM/LLB entrance exams:
· Legal Awareness
This section primarily stresses upon the knowledge and application of the key legal principles. In case of PG entrance tests, in-depth questions are asked from core law subjects.
· Logical/Analytical Reasoning
This part includes questions related to analogies and relationships, arguments – premise & conclusion, inferences, and numerical reasoning.
· English Language & Comprehension
This section comprises questions on vocabulary, reading comprehension passages, sentence formation, etc.
· General Knowledge & Current Affairs
GK for law entrance exams emphasizes on the issues of national and international significance, historical events, science, technology, and geography.
· Mathematics or Quantitative Techniques
Mathematics portion contains questions on concepts of algebra, ratio & proportion, mensuration, and graphs.
Top Law Colleges in India
Listed below are the top 10 law colleges in order of NIRF 2020 ranking and their entrance tests:
National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore
National Law University (NLU), Delhi
Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
National Law University (NLU), Jodhpur
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS)
Gujarat National Law University (NLU), Gandhinagar
Symbiosis Law School, Pune
Faculty of Law, Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL), Patiala
Preparation Tips for Law Entrance Exams
Before starting your preparation, make yourself familiar with the exam pattern and syllabus of the particular law entrance exam. Thereafter, set your schedule and incorporate the following things in your preparation strategy:
· Once you are thorough with the fundamentals of English, Logical Reasoning, and Mathematics syllabus, practice the related questions from previous years papers and online sample tests.
· Make it a habit to regularly read the crucial sections of newspaper and relevant GK books.
· Since the legal section forms a vital part of every entrance test, ensure that you have covered and revised all its important topics.
Post-completion of the graduate or postgraduate courses in law, aspirants can pursue careers in the public or private sector. Law graduates are hired as legal advisors or analysts by banks, corporates, and other organizations. They may also work as public prosecutors, civil lawyers, magistrates, notaries, or even choose to go in the teaching profession. The average starting salary of law graduates in India is Rs. 4-5 lpa. Career in legal field is considered highly lucrative, with some of the top law firms paying as high as Rs. 10-15 lpa to fresh graduates.