Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE) for Better Communication Systems!
Electronics and Communication Engineering – Every organization requires good communication amongst its members to function optimally. For this, there are many devices available that have been created by engineers to aid with the development of better communication systems.
They play an important role in creating good infrastructural facilities so that people can work together productively. The engineers put a lot of hard work and mental energy into the development of these devices.
Besides organizations, society in general needs good communication systems and devices. Some of the most popular communication mediums people use today include :
- Telephones: They are used for communication over a small distance.
- Cell phones: These include smartphones and wireless telephones which can be operated through internet or satellite coverage.
- Computers: These are generally connected to the internet, which lets users communicate via email, chat etc.
- Radio: This is an often-used medium for communication and entertainment.
The engineers who work to create and improve these devices need to possess a good understanding of electronics and how signals propagate through different media. They also require knowledge about other engineering disciplines such as computer science, statistics etc.
Communication Engineering is the branch of engineering which deals with the development of hardware (devices) and signal processing software (algorithms) to improve communication systems.
Courses Covered in Electronics and Communication Engineering
Students who want to become Electronics and Communication Engineers one day need to study the following courses:
- Electrical Engineering,
- Electronics Engineering,
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering,
- Communication Systems, etc.
Alternatively, one can go for Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE) which is a popular option today. It covers both electrical engineering as well as electronics engineering principles. Some of the courses covered in ECE are:
- Electrical Engineering: In this course, students study the basic laws of electricity and their application to electrical machines and circuits. They also learn about generators, motors, transformers etc.
- Signals and Systems: Here students are exposed to the basics of signals as well as mathematical techniques for processing them efficiently using various algorithms.
- Digital Signal Processing: In this course, students learn about the different types of signals and their characteristics, sampling theory, quantization effects etc.
- Electronics Engineering: This course covers analogue circuits, devices and systems that are used in electronic instruments or equipment.
- Network Analysis: In this course, students study operations on sinusoids which form a basis for studying linear time-invariant (LTI) systems.
- Signal Analysis: Here, students study different techniques of signal analysis such as fast Fourier transform and stationary phase.
- Control Systems: In this course, students learn about the systems that are automatic or operate with feedback from sensors. The course includes concepts from dynamics, control elements etc.
- Digital Systems: This course deals with the design and operation of digital circuits and systems.
- Microprocessor and Microcontroller: In this course, students learn about microprocessors and microcontrollers and their applications in various fields such as telecommunications, robotics etc.
- Electronic Design: Here students learn about analogue and digital circuit designs including power supplies, amplifiers etc.
- Communication Systems: This course covers circuit design techniques used in hardware implementation of communication systems.
After the completion of their Bachelor’s degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering, students can go for their Master’s degree (M. Tech) in the same stream.
Some of the specializations ECE graduates can opt for are:
- Computer Engineering,
- Information Technology,
- Computer Science and Engineering, etc.
Job Prospects for ECE Graduates
In India, Electronics and Communication Engineers are highly sought after. Their skills can be utilized by several organizations in the country including:
- Telecom companies such as BSNL, MTNL etc.;
- Government Departments such as Doordarshan, etc.;
- Private Organizations such as Satyam Computers Ltd., where Electronics and Communication Engineers can work in departments like Networking; IS; Systems; Hardware; R&D etc.
Electronics and Communication Engineering for Global Markets
There has been a consistent demand for engineers from India across the world because of their good grasp of communication technologies. They are in much demand because communication services play an important role in the success of any business. For example, companies like Dell require good communication engineers to solve complex networking issues that arise in their day to day operations.
Such opportunities exposed many Indian students to global markets and helped them gain valuable experience apart from boosting India’s economy when these students sent remittances to their families.
With companies such as Microsoft, Google and Facebook opening offices in India, there is a vast scope for Electronics Engineers who can work with these big players!
Electronics and Communication Engineers also play an important role in developing communication technologies that can influence the field of nanotechnology. They study nano-devices and provide communication systems for their applications.
In short, Electronics and Communication Engineers play a crucial role in the communication mediums of today including wireless communication networks, telecommunication devices and software programs etc.
The branch continues to evolve as new technologies are being developed around the world. For example, if you often use your smartphones or browse the internet on your laptop, you will know about Wireless LAN (Wi-Fi) and Bluetooth technologies. Electronics and Communication Engineers design such devices!
How to become an Electronics and Communication Engineer in India?
If you are interested in studying Electronics and Communication Engineering, the first step would be to take the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) for admission into a B. Tech course.
One can write the JEE exam only if he or she has passed the 10+2 level in the Science stream – with Physics, Chemistry, and Maths as subjects.
Best Engineering Colleges in India for Electronics and Communication Engineering
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur: This is one of the most reputed institutes in the field of Electronics and Communication Engineering. It was established in 1951 and has been consistently ranked among the Top 10 Engineering Colleges in India by various agencies.
- Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay: This institute is considered to be one of the best engineering colleges in India and the world over. The students here get substantial practical knowledge besides classroom learning.
- Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi: Nokia chose this institute to train its employees! The students get the best infrastructure and facilities during their course here. They also get an opportunity to work in top MNCs by the time they graduate from this institute. The placements and salary packages offered by these institutes are among the highest across the country.
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur: As the first Indian Institute of Technology, it was established in 1959. The placements here are very good and students get to work for companies like Texas Instruments, AMD, SAP Labs India etc.
- Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai: This institute has seen a strong placement record with companies such as Google, Microsoft, Dell, Intel hiring its graduates.
- Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee: This institute is considered to be the oldest engineering college in Asia and was established in 1847. A whopping 70% of the students who study here get placed in good companies in India and abroad in their final year!
- Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani: This institute has been consistently ranked as one of the best Engineering Colleges by India Today, Outlook etc. The facilities here are top-notch and students can rely on the training provided by this college.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad: This University has been consistently ranked within the Top 15 Engineering Colleges in India, especially for Electronics and Communication Engineering branch. The placements offered here are excellent with top companies offering high-salary packages.
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad: This institute focuses on the core areas of IT, Communication, Electronics etc. The companies that visit here are from these domains too!
- Manipal University, Jaipur: It is one of the best Private Engineering Colleges in India. The students here get to work on state-of-the-art equipment and infrastructure. The infrastructure and facilities here are very good and include well-equipped laboratories, computer labs, workshops for mechanical and aeronautical engineering!
Best Countries to Study Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE)
- Singapore: Singapore is a developed country and offers the best career opportunities, besides high-quality of life. One can get bright job prospects here in Electronics and Communication Engineering. The average salary is around INR 1,75,000 per month.
- Germany: This European Country offers excellent job opportunities for professionals such as engineers (Electronics and Communication Engineers). The average salary is about Euros 3000 per month.
- South Korea: This country has a very high literacy rate, besides being one of the top manufacturers of electronic equipment! It offers attractive packages to its employees.
- Egypt: Egypt has seen a sharp increase in demand for Electronics and Communication Engineering professionals due to its booming IT/ITES industries. You can choose to study ECE in Egypt if you are looking for a job market in the Middle East.
- Taiwan: This country is famous for manufacturing electronic items and thus offers high employment opportunities. Studying ECE in Taiwan is a good idea if you are looking for a job in China or nearby countries.
- Australia: This country is a developed nation with all the modern amenities and facilities. The education system here is of high quality and offers several opportunities to students studying ECE here!
- The USA: One of the most developed countries in the world, the USA offers excellent job opportunities to skilled professionals like Electronics and Communication Engineers. The average salary is about USD 60000 per annum!
- New Zealand: This country provides an excellent environment for the development of Electronics and Communication Engineering skills. You can choose to study in New Zealand if you are looking for job opportunities in Oceania.
- The UK: There are many opportunities to work in this country with Philips, Panasonic etc. being famous employers. Study ECE in the UK if you are looking for high-paying jobs in the European Union.
- Canada: This country offers extremely high employment opportunities to skilled professionals with excellent pay packages! There are several famous Electronic companies like Nortel Networks, Xilinx etc., which hire professionals with good qualifications.
- France: The education system here is of very high quality and offers several job opportunities for Electronics and Communication Engineers. The average salary is about Euros 3400 per month.